Peace Science Made Accessible, Understandable, and Useful.

Militarization Through Civilian National Security Neglect

Militarization Through Civilian National Security Neglect

In Brazil, civilian authorities failed to advance a comprehensive national security policy and deferred to the military in the areas of intelligence, public safety, and border control—which help to maintain military priorities in the security sector and expand the military’s role in public life.

How Security Discourses Shape Responses to Environmental Insecurity

How Security Discourses Shape Responses to Environmental Insecurity

Whether and how issues—including environmental issues—are “securitized” (framed and understood as security concerns) matters for how these are subsequently addressed, especially since naming something as a security concern tends to demand urgent action.

Evaluating Conflict Transformation in the Nigerian Oil Region

Evaluating Conflict Transformation in the Nigerian Oil Region

The disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration (DDR) program in the Nigerian oil region brought forth changes for ex-insurgents and community members across four levels to some extent—cultural, intrapersonal, structural, and interpersonal (CISI)—though interpersonal change did not extend to all conflict parties, hindering the conflict transformation potential of the program.